“The Climate Change Battle in Paris: An initial analysis of the Paris COP21 and the Paris Agreement”, by Meenakshi Raman

Originally published by the Third World Network, February 2, 2016, and also published in the Economic and Political Weekly (India), Vol. 51, Issue No. 2, January 9, 2016.

“The Climate Change Battle in Paris:  An initial analysis of the Paris COP21 and the Paris Agreement”, written by Meenakshi Raman.

“The Paris Agreement adopted by the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 12 December, was the outcome of major battles on a multitude of issues, especially between developed and developing countries.

Developing countries by and large had these negotiating objectives.  They wanted to (a) defend the Convention and not let it be changed or subverted; (b) ensure that the Agreement is non-mitigation centric with all issues (including adaptation, loss and damage, finance and technology, besides mitigation) addressed and in a balanced manner; (c) ensure differentiation in all aspects be reflected, with the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities; (d) ensure that developed countries enhance the provision of finance and technology transfer’ (f) ensure that ‘loss and damage’ is recognised as a separate pillar apart from adaptation and for (g) legally binding provisions, especially on the developed countries…”

Read the full article (PDF)